Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2012, Page: 1-7
Big Five Traits and Perfectionism are Risk Factors for Nonsuicidal Cutting
Holly M. Miskey, Dept. of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, USA
Robert W. Hill, Dept. of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, USA
Timothy J. Huelsman, Dept. of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, USA
Received: Dec. 24, 2012;       Published: Dec. 30, 2012
DOI: 10.11648/j.pbs.20120101.11      View  3452      Downloads  197
Abstract
This investigation assessed the role of the Big Five dimensions of personality and perfectionism in predicting nonsuicidal cutting in a sample of undergraduate students. Of 292 students, 50 (17%) endorsed cutting behavior. Duration of cutting was associated with Openness, and Introversion, as well as perfectionistic rumination. Frequency of cutting was associated with Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, low Neuroticism (accounting for about 20% of the variance), as well as perfectionistic rumination, organization, and low concern over mistakes (accounting for 31% of the variance). These findings are discussed in the context of previous research investigations of risk factors for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) that are convergent, and sometimes discrepant with these data. The findings suggest that more research into personality traits and methods of NSSI is warranted.
Keywords
Self-injury; Personality; Perfectionism; Risk factors; Cutting
To cite this article
Holly M. Miskey, Robert W. Hill, Timothy J. Huelsman, Big Five Traits and Perfectionism are Risk Factors for Nonsuicidal Cutting, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20120101.11
Reference
[1]
R. Favazza, Bodies Under Siege: Self-Mutilation and Body Modification in Culture and Psychiatry. John Hopkins U. P.: Baltimore, 1996, pg. 225.
[2]
J. Briere and E. Gil, "Self-mutilation in clinical and general population samples: Prevalence, correlates, and functions," American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 68, pp. 609-620, 1998.
[3]
E. D. Klonsky, T.F. Oltmanns, and E. Turkheimer, "Deliberate self-harm in a nonclinical population: Prevalence and psychological correlates," American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 160, pp. 1501-1508, 2003.
[4]
H. Fliege, J. R. Lee, A. Grimm, and B. F. Klapp, "Risk factors and correlates of deliberate self-harm behavior: A systematic review," Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 66, pp. 477–493, 2009.
[5]
J. Whitlock, J. Eckenrode, and D. Silverman, "Self-injurious behaviors in a college population," Pediatrics, vol. 117, pp. 1939-1948, 2006.
[6]
K. L., Gratz, S. D. Conrad, and L. Roemer, "Risk factors for deliberate self-harm among college students," American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 72, pp. 128-140, 2002.
[7]
E. E. Lloyd-Richardson, N. Perrine, L. Dierker, and M. L. Kelley, "Characteristic and functions of non-suicidal self-injury in a community sample of adolescents," Psychological Medicine: A Journal of Research in Psychiatry and the Allied Sciences, vol. 37, pp. 1183-1192, 2007.
[8]
S. A. Brown, "Personality and non-suicidal deliberate self-harm: Trait differences among a non-clinical population," Psychiatry Research, vol. 169, pp. 28-32, 2009.
[9]
K. L. Croyle and J. Waltz, "Subclinical self-harm: Range of behaviors, extent, and associated characteristics," American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 77, pp. 332-342, 2007.
[10]
K. E. Buckholdt, G. R. Parra, and L. Jobe-Shields, " Emotion regulation as a mediator of the relation between emotion socialization and deliberate self-harm," American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 79, pp. 482-490, 2009.
[11]
C. Zlotnick, M. T. Shea, T. Pearlstein, E. Simpson, E. Costello, and A Begin, "The relationship between dissociative symptoms, alexithymia, impulsivity, sexual abuse, and self-mutilation," Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 37, pp. 12-16, 1996.
[12]
M. Adrian, J. Zeman, C. Erdley, L. Lisa, and L. Sim, " Emotional dysregulation and interpersonal difficulties as risk factors for nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescent girls," Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, vol. 39, pp. 389-400, 2011.
[13]
M. R. Weierich and M. K. Nock, "Posttraumatic stress symptoms mediate the relation between childhood sexual abuse and nonsuicidal self-injury," Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 76, pp. 39-44, 2008.
[14]
L. Claes, A. Houben, W. Vandereycken, P. Bijttebier, and J. Muehlenkamp, "Brief report: The association between non-suicidal self-injury, self-concept and acquaintance with self-injurious peers in a sample of adolescents," Journal of Adolescence, vol. 33, pp. 775-778, 2010.
[15]
L. Claes, W. Vandereycken, and H. Vertommen, H., " Personality traits in eating disordered patients with and without self-injurious behaviors," Journal of Personality Disorders, vol. 18, pp. 399–404, 2004.
[16]
S. Shea, "Personality characteristics of self-mutilating male prisoners," Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 49, pp. 576-585, 1993.
[17]
A. L. Goldstein, G. L. Flett, C. Wekerle, and A. M. Wall, "Personality, child maltreatment, and substance use: Examining correlates of deliberate self-harm among university students," Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, vol. 41, pp. 241–251, 2009.
[18]
V. V. MacLaren and L. A. Best, "Nonsuicidal self-injury, potentially addictive behaviors, and the five factor model in undergraduates," Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 49, pp. 521-525, 2010.
[19]
P. T. Costa and T. A. Widiger, Personality Disorders and the Five-Factor Model of Personality, 2nd ed., Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2002.
[20]
R. Kotov, W. Gamez, F. Schmidt, and D. Watson, "Linking ‘big’ personality traits to anxiety, depressive, and substance use disorders: A meta-analysis," Psychological Bulletin, vol. 136, pp. 768-821, 2010.
[21]
J. Stoeber and K. Otto, "Positive conceptions of perfectionism: Approaches, evidence, challenges," Personality and Social Psychology Review, vol. 10, pp. 295-319, 2006.
[22]
E. R. Hoff and J. J. Muehlenkamp, "Nonsuicidal self-injury in college students: The role of perfectionism and rumination," Suicide and Life-Threatening Behaviors, vol. 39, pp. 576-587, 2009.
[23]
R. O. Frost, P. Marten, C. Lahart, and R. Rosenblate, "The dimensions of perfectionism," Cognitive Therapy and Research, vol. 14, pp. 449–468, 1990.
[24]
S. Nolen-Hoeksema, "Sex differences in unipolar depression: Evidence and theory," Psychological Bulletin, vol. 101, pp. 259-282, 1987.
[25]
R. C. O’Connor, S. Rasmussen, and K. Hawton, "Predicting depression, anxiety and self-harm in adolescents: The role of perfectionism and acute life stress," Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 48, pp. 52-59, 2010.
[26]
K. L. Gratz, "Measurement of deliberate self-harm: Preliminary data on the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory," Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, vol. 23, pp. 253-263, 2001.
[27]
L. R. Goldberg, J. A. Johnson, H. W. Eber, R. Hogan, M. C. Ashton, C. R. Cloninger, and H. C. Gough, "The International Personality Item Pool and the future of public-domain personality measures," Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 40, pp. 84-96, 2006.
[28]
R. W. Hill, T. J. Huelsman, R. Furr, J. Kibler, B. B. Vicente, and C. Kennedy, "A new measure of perfectionism: The Perfectionism Inventory," Journal of Personality Assessment, vol. 82, pp. 80-91, 2004.
[29]
P. T. Costa and R. R. McCrae, NEO Personality Inventory: Professional Manual, Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, 1992.
Browse journals by subject