Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014, Page: 197-202
Assessment of the Prevalence of Dental Anxiety among Palestinian Clients Attending Dental Clinics in Bethlehem City: Cross Sectional Study
Muna Ahmead, Faculty of Public Health, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine
Ahmad Rahhal, Faculty of Dentistry, Arab American University, Jenin, Palestine
Received: Nov. 7, 2014;       Accepted: Nov. 24, 2014;       Published: Nov. 27, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.pbs.20140306.13      View  2432      Downloads  133
Abstract
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of dental anxiety as well as the relationships between socio-demographic data and perceived dental anxiety among Palestinian clients who attend dental clinics in Palestine. Materials and methods: Participants were recruited into the study from July to August, 2013 from several dental clinics. The modified Corah Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was used to measure dental anxiety among the study population. Results: One hundred and sixty four respondents returned the questionnaire after they filled it while in the reception area waiting their turn to see the dentists. Findings reveal that more than one third of the participants experienced a severe level of dental anxiety and were anxious mostly about tooth drilling and local anesthetic injection. Females experienced significantly more dental anxiety than males, but the relationships with other socio-demographic data (including education, place of residency, marital status, and visit habits ) were not significant. Conclusion: This study found high prevalence of dental anxiety which may represent special challenges to the dentists to treat individuals with dental fear. Non of the socio-demographic data except gender revealed statistically significant relation with dental anxiety among the study population Further studies are required to investigate the factors that may lead to increased the prevalence of this phenomena among the Palestinian clients.
Keywords
Dental Anxiety, Prevalence, Cross Sectional Study, Socio-Demographic Variables
To cite this article
Muna Ahmead, Ahmad Rahhal, Assessment of the Prevalence of Dental Anxiety among Palestinian Clients Attending Dental Clinics in Bethlehem City: Cross Sectional Study, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 197-202. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20140306.13
Reference
[1]
Ameringen, M. V, Mancini, C, Farvolden, P (2003) The impact of anxiety disorders on educational achievement. Anxiety Disorders 17(5), 561-571
[2]
Himmelhoch, J, Levine, J, and Gershon, S (2001) Historical overview of the relationship between anxiety disorders and affective disorders. Depression and Anxiety 14(2), 53-66
[3]
Wolman, B. B and Stricker, G (1994) Anxiety and related disorders: a handbook. 1st ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons
[4]
American Psychiatric Association (2000) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed, text version. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association
[5]
Kent GG (1984) The Psychology of Dental Care. Wright, Bristol, 45
[6]
Green A, Green RM (1989) Attitudes of some young female bank employee to dentistry. J Dent 17, 68-71
[7]
Friis-Hasche E (1990) Pediatric dentistry and dental fear. Tandlaegebladet 94, 70-73
[8]
Skaret E, Raadal M, Berg E, Kvale G (1998) Dental anxiety among 18-yr-olds in Norway. Prevalence related factors. Eur J Oral Sci 106, 835-843
[9]
Firat D, Tunc EP, Sar V (2006) Dental Anxiety Among Adults in Turkey. J Contemp Den Pract 7(3):75-82
[10]
Al Omari, W, Al Omari M, Dental anxiety among university students and its correlation with their field of study. J appl Oral Sci 17(3), 199-20
[11]
Kumar S, Bhargav P, Patel A, Bhati M, Balasubramanyam G, Duraiswamy P, Kulkarni S. Does dental anxiety influence oral health-related quality of life? Observations from a cross- sectional study among adults in Udaipur district, India. ( 2009) J Oral Sci 51(2):245-54
[12]
Corah NL (1969) Development of a dental anxiety scale. J Am Dent Assoc 48, 596
[13]
Humphris GM, Morrison T, Lindsay SJ (1995) The modified dental anxiety scale: validation and United Kingdom norms. Community Dent Health 12,143-50
[14]
Schuller AA, Willumsen T, Holst D (2003) Are their differences in oral health and oral health behavior between individuals with high and low dental fear? Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 31, 116-121.
[15]
Eitner S, Wichmann M, Paulsen, Holst A (2006) Dental anxiety-an epidemiological study on its clinical correlation and effects on oral health. J Oral Rehab 33 (8), 588 – 593
[16]
Kaakko T; Milgrom P; Coldwell S E; Getz T; Weinstein P; Ramsay D S (1998) Dental fear among university employees: implications for dental education.Journal of dental education 62(6), 415-20
[17]
World Health Organization (2006) Fifty-Ninth world health assembly. Health conditions in the occupied Palestinian territory, including east Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan: progress report
[18]
Miller T, El-Masri M, Allodi F, Quota S (1999) Emotional and behavioural problems and trauma exposure of school-aged Palestinian children in Gaza: some preliminary findings, Medicine. Conflict and Survival 15:368–78
[19]
Berggren U, Meynert G (1984) Dental fear and avoidance: causes, symptoms, and consequences. J Am Dent Assoc 109, 247-251
[20]
Smith TA, Heaton LJ (2003) Fear of dental care: are we making any progress? J Am Dent Assoc 134(8), 1101–8
[21]
Lisa J. Heaton, Timothy A. Smith, Ted P. Raybould (2004) Factors Influencing Use of Dental Services in Rural and Urban Communities: Considerations for Practitioners in Underserved Areas . J Dent Educ. 68(10), 1081-1089
[22]
Sinan AY , Özdemir D , Öztürk M, Polat S(2002) An Assessment of dental anxiety in oral surgery patients Gülhane Tıp Dergisi 44 (4), 395 - 398
[23]
Hägglin C, Hakeberg M, Ahlqwist M, Sullivan M, Berggren U (2000 ). Factors associated with dental anxiety and attendance in middle aged and elderly women. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 28(6), 451-60
[24]
Fábián TK, Kelemen P, Fábián G (1998 ).Introduction of the concept of Dental Anxiety Scale in Hungary. Epidemiologic studies on the Hungarian population. Fogorv Sz 91(2):43-52
[25]
Albert H.B. Schuurs, Hugo-J. Duivenvoorden, Sljo K. Thoden van Velzen, Frans Verhage, Mlchiel A.J. Eijkman, Peter C. Makkes (2006). Sociodemographic correlates of dental anxiety. Community Denti Oral Epidemiol 13 (4), 212 – 215
Browse journals by subject