Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2017, Page: 36-42
A Comparative Study of Problem Solving Styles and Mental Health in Male Substance Abusers and Normal Men
Maryam Sharifi, Psychology Department, Science & Research Branch of Islamic Azad University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Gholam Hossein Javanmard, Psychology Department, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran
Received: Apr. 6, 2017;       Accepted: Apr. 21, 2017;       Published: Jun. 19, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.pbs.20170603.11      View  2460      Downloads  135
The purpose of this research, which has been done on the basis of causal-comparative method, was the comparison of ways of problem-solving and mental health in people suffering from drug abuse and normal people in Maragheh, Iran. In order to do this, 35 men suffering from Substance Abuse Disorder (SUD) and 35 normal men were chosen using purposeful sampling method and via matching the two groups. Then the participants were requested to answer the 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and the 24-item Cassidy-Long Problem-Solving Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the technique of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and SPSS software. Findings showed that the compared groups in problem-solving ways and constructive and unconstructive items and mental health in depression subcomponents had a meaningful difference. The average scores were higher in constructive problem-solving ways in healthy group, and in unconstructive styles in people suffering from drug abuse. Also, the addicted people meaningfully used unconstructive ways of problem-solving more than healthy people. In mental health, the average scores of addicted people in the issues of somatization, anxiety, and social dysfunction were higher than those of healthy group, and in depression, the average scores of healthy people were higher than those of addicted group. Moreover, the addicted people meaningfully reported more signs of somatization and less depression in comparison with the healthy people. Overall, this research showed that using unconstructive styles of problem-solving in people suffering from drug abuse is more common than that of normal people. This necessitates the planning of treatment and rehabilitation interventions for addicted people.
Problem-Solving Styles, Mental Health, Addiction
To cite this article
Maryam Sharifi, Gholam Hossein Javanmard, A Comparative Study of Problem Solving Styles and Mental Health in Male Substance Abusers and Normal Men, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2017, pp. 36-42. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20170603.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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