Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2019, Page: 1-8
Family Characteristics and Quality of Life of Substance Abusing Clients at a Nigerian Rehabilitation Center
Aishatu Yusha’u Armiya’u, Department of Psychiatry, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Lubuola Issa Bamidele, Department of Psychiatry, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Zuwaira Hassan, Department of Community Medicine, University of Jos/Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Francis John Davou, Department of Psychiatry, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 30, 2018;       Accepted: Nov. 12, 2018;       Published: Jan. 19, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.pbs.20190801.11      View  45      Downloads  25
The study was aimed at assessing the family characteristics and the relationship between family characteristics and objective as well as subjective quality of life among participants using single substance versus multiple substance users. The study is part of a comprehensive cross sectional descriptive study assessing 190 participants who consented to be studied. Each participant completed a family characteristic and subjective quality of life questionnaire along-side a World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF questionnaire. All participants were interviewed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview instrument to make a diagnosis of substance use disorder using ICD-10 diagnostic criteria. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences Version 20.0. The study found multiple substance users whose fathers had primary school education (p = 0.006) and had died (p = 0.027) had lower quality of life in their social relationship domain on World Health Organization Quality of Life. No statistical significant relationship was found between subjective quality of life and family characteristics of single versus multiple substance users. In conclusion only social relationship domain on World Health Organization Quality of Life was found to have statistically significant relationship in the study. All other domains on World Health Organization Quality of Life were not significantly associated with any family characteristic.
Nigeria, Quality of Life, Rehabilitation Center, Family Characteristics, Substance Abuse
To cite this article
Aishatu Yusha’u Armiya’u, Lubuola Issa Bamidele, Zuwaira Hassan, Francis John Davou, Family Characteristics and Quality of Life of Substance Abusing Clients at a Nigerian Rehabilitation Center, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20190801.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Elizabeth MT, Alexander BL, Meeyoung OM, HyunSoo K, Suzanne B, Min KJ, et al. Prospective patterns and correlates of quality of life among women in substance abuse treatment. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2012; 124(3): 242-249.
The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHO QOL): Development and general psychometric properties. Soc Sci Med. 1998; 46(12): 1569-1585.
Laudet AB, White WL. Recovery capital as prospective predictor of sustained recovery, life satisfaction, and stress among former poly-substance users. Subst Use Misuse. 2008; 43(1): 27-54.
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. National Summit on Recovery: Conference Report. DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 07-4276. 2007. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Urbanoski KA, Cairney J, Adlaf E, Rush B. Substance abuse and quality of life among severely mentally ill consumers: a longitudinal modelling analysis. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2007; 42(10): 810-818.
Ingela S, Agneta O. Predictors of Improvement in quality of life of severely mentally ill substance abusers during 18 months of co-operation between Psychiatric and Social services. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2003; 38(2): 83-87.
Stephen P, Ricardo D. Family characteristics and preschool abilities of children of substance abusers. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 1993; 76(3): 912-914.
Irving M, Avraham S. Individual and family characteristics of middle class Adolescents hospitalized for alcohol and other drug abuse. British Journal of Addiction. 1991; 86(11): 1435-1447.
Carvalho V, Pinsky I, De Souza E Silva R, Carlini-Cotrim B. Drug and alcohol use and family characteristics: a study among Brazilian high- School students. Addiction. 1995; 90(1): 65-72.
Gureje O, Lasebikan VO, Lola K, Makanjuola VA. Life time and 12 month prevalence of mental disorders in Nigerian Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2006; 188(5): 464-471.
Armiya’u A. Y, Audu MD, Obembe A, Umar UM, Adole O. A study of psychiatric morbidity and comorbid physical illness among convicted and awaiting trial inmates in Jos prison. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine. 2013; 20(8): 1048-1051.
WHOQOL Group. WHOQOL Group development of the World Health Organization WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment. Psychol Med. 1998; 28(3): 551-558.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM IV) – 4th edition. 1994.
Namita PR, Chaturvedi RM. A study of socio-demographic factors contributing to the habit of drug abuse in the urban slum community Mumbai. Biomedical Research. 2010; 21(3): 45-50.
Adelekan M, Makanjuola AB, Ndom RJE, et al. Five yearly monitoring of substance use among secondary school students in Ilorin, Nigeria. West African Journal of Medicine. 2001; 20(1): 28-36.
Amato PR, Sobolewski JM. The effect of divorce and marital discord on adults Children’s psychological well-being. American Sociological Review. 2001; 66(6): 900-921.
Jessor R, Jessor S. A. Longitudinal study: Problem behaviour and psychological development. 1997. New York: New York Academic Press Inc.
Chuan-Yu C, Carla LS. Alcohol abuse and health related quality of life among youths in Taiwan. J Adolesc Health. 2006; 39(5): 752
Lamptey JJ. Socio-demographic characteristics of substance abusers admitted at a private specialist clinic. Ghana Med J. 2005; 39(1): 2-7.
Newcomb M. D, Bentler P. M. Substance use and abuse among children and teenagers. AmericanPsychologist. 1989; 44(2): 242-248.
Hawkins JD, Lisher DM, Jenson JM, Catalano RF. Delinquents and drugs: what the evidence suggests about prevention and treatment programming. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (DHHS Publication No. ADM 87-1537). 1987. Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.
Boys A, Farrell M, Taylor C, Marsden J, Goodman R et al. Psychiatric morbidity and substance use in young people aged 13-15 years: results from the child and adolescent survey on mental health. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2003; 182(6): 509-517.
Igwe WC, Ojinnaka NC. Mental health of adolescents who abuse psychoactive substances in Enugu, Nigeria- A cross-sectional study. Italian Journal of Pediatrics. 2010; 36(53): 1-5.
Laveist TA, Wallace JM. Health risk and inequitable distribution of liquor stores in African American neighbourhood. Social Science and Medicine. 2000; 51(4): 613-617.
Johnson JG, Spitzer RL, William JB, Kroenke K, Linzer M et al. Psychiatry comorbidity, health status, and functional impairment associated with alcohol abuse and dependence in primary care patients: Findings of the PRIME MD-1000 study. J Consult. Clin Psychol. 1995; 63(1): 133-140.
Avenevoli S, Sessa FM, Steinberg L. Family structure, parenting practices, and adolescent adjustment: An ecological examination. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed), Coping with divorce, single parenting, and remarriage. 1999. Mahway, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
Hill MR, Duncan GJ. Parental family income and the socioeconomic attainment of children. Social Science Research. 1987; 16(1): 39-73.
Sewell WH, Shah VP. Socioeconomic status, Intelligence, and the Attainment of higher education. Sociology of Education. 1967; 40(1): 1-23.
The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). 1997 www.samhsa.gov/data/nhsda/Pe1997/popes103.htm.
Candace E, Rob AE, Todd J, Platt S. Indicators of socioeconomic status for adolescents: the WHO Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey. Health Educ. Res. 1997; 12(3): 385-397.
Turner RJ, Wheaton B, Lloyd DA. The epidemiology of social stress. American Sociological Review. 1995; 60(1): 104-125.
Browse journals by subject