Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2019, Page: 9-14
The Compilation of the Adversity Quotient Scale for College Students
Li Bingquan, Educational Science School, Zhaoqing University, Zhaoqing, China
Chen Weisheng, Educational Science School, Zhaoqing University, Zhaoqing, China
Zhang Xudong, Educational Science School, Zhaoqing University, Zhaoqing, China
Zeng Wenxiu, Educational Science School, Zhaoqing University, Zhaoqing, China
Received: Dec. 27, 2018;       Accepted: Jan. 21, 2019;       Published: Feb. 13, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.pbs.20190801.12      View  37      Downloads  18
Research objective: The purpose of this study is to compile the adversity quotient scale (AQS) for college students and to test its reliability and validity in order to provide a measuring tool for studying of college students. Methods: By means of literature review, open investigation and other methods, the initial project of adversity quotient scale for college students is formed. The test was conducted on 578 students from 4 local universities in Guangdong Province, and the final scale was formed through project analysis, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Results: The adversity quotient scale for college students consists of 43 questions and 6 dimensions. The result of Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the extracted six factor models fit well (x2/df=2.595, NNFI=0.835, RMSEA=0.058, CFI=0.844, RMR=0.07, GFI=0.814, AGFI=0.794), The reliability coefficient of each dimension of the scale is between 0.684~0.917. The correlation validity between the adversity quotient scale and the social adaptability scale (SAS) was 0.291, which was significant at the level of 0.01. Conclusion: the adversity quotient scale has good and high reliability and validity, which is able to be used as an effective tool to measure the inverse quotient of college students.
Collage Students, Adversity Quotient (AQ), Reliability, Validity, HuaGong
To cite this article
Li Bingquan, Chen Weisheng, Zhang Xudong, Zeng Wenxiu, The Compilation of the Adversity Quotient Scale for College Students, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2019, pp. 9-14. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20190801.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
McGonigal, K. (2018). There's a third option except escape and death for you when you're under pressure. Retrieved 2.18, 2018, from http://www.360doc.com/content/18/0203/20/29531194_727501856.shtml.
Xiang, S.-y, W, Q.-w, Zheng, Sh.-d, etc. (2016). The Relationships among Local College Students' Social Boredom, Life Meaning and Suicidal Ideation. China Journal of Health Psychology, 24 (4), 522-526.
Xiang, S.-y, Yang, H., W, Q.-w, etc. (2016). The Analysis of the Countermeasure to eliminate contemporary social boredom. Labor security world, 432 (7), 288-289.
Yang, H, Zheng, S.-d., Wei, Q.-w, etc. (2017). Development of the Social Boredom Scale for College Students. China Journal of Health Psychology, 25 (4), 555-560.
Liang, J.-f, Li, B.-q. (2017). The correlational research among sense of life meaning, social boredom and learning burnout feeling in college students. China Journal of Health Psychology, 25 (2), 222-226.
Li, B.-q. (2018). Adversity quotient and Its measurement Journal of Zhaoqing University 39 (3), 70-74.
Stoltz, P. G. (1997). Adversity Quotient——turning obstacles into oppurtunities. NewYork: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Li, B.-q. (2016). Positive psychology: the gold key to happiness and success. Beijing: Science Press.
Li, B.-q. (2016). Chinese people's psychology and behavior decipher. Guangzhou: Guangdong Education Press.
Stoltz, P. G. (2003). More important than IQ and EQ is AQ. Beijing: Haichao Press.
Song, Sh.-ch. (2012). Three Quotient in Workplace: IQ, EQ, AQ. Beijing: Haichao Press.
Li, B.-q, Ch. C.-r. (2008). The reliability and validity of the adversity quotient scale in Chinese Students Chinese Mental Health Journal, 22 (8), 605-607.
Wei, Q.-w, Tang, H., Li, B.-q. (2017). Latent class analysis of college students’boredom proneness. Psychological Research, 10 (5), 78-85.
Kong M, Bian, R., Zhang, H.-c. (2007). Application of parallel analysis to exploratory factor analysis. Psychological Science, 30 (4), 924-925.
Wang, Y.-p, Zhao, L., Li, R, etc. (2011). Compilation of life meaning scale for college students. Psychological Exploration, 31 (5), 463-466.
Browse journals by subject