Volume 8, Issue 1, February 2019, Page: 26-32
Relationship Between Dysfunctional Eating Attitudes and Parental Marital Status in Female Adolescents
Neslim Guvendeger Doksat, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Beykent University, Istanbul, Turkey
Gamze Korkmaz, Department of Counselling and Psychological Services, Doğa Anadolu High School, Bayrampaşa, Istanbul, Turkey
Received: Dec. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Feb. 20, 2019;       Published: Mar. 6, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.pbs.20190801.14      View  16      Downloads  8
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between dysfunctional eating attitudes and anorexic or bulimic symptoms with regard to the marital status of parents and also to investigate the difference in eating attitudes scores by means of body and weight satisfaction in adolescents. 60 adolescent girls attending high school participated in the study. Half of the involved participants consisted of families whose parents lived together, and the other half had divorced parents. The questionnaire data collection method was used in this study. A moderately severe significantly positive relationship was found between eating attitudes and both anorexic and bulimic symptoms scales in participants whose parents lived separately or got divorced. The group of participants whose parents were divorced and who presented higher scores in anorexic symptoms also scored statistically significantly higher on the parameter of eating attitudes median. The participants who were dissatisfied with their weight scored the highest eating attitudes scales median when compared to the participants who had body dissatisfaction. Selective prevention and treatment methods should be used during adolescence to prevent eating disorders. Special attention should be paid to body image disturbances, inappropriate weight control behaviors, and disturbed self-perceived weight during adolescence in order to prevent eating disorders.
Keywords
Eating Attitudes, Family Features, Adolescent Girls
To cite this article
Neslim Guvendeger Doksat, Gamze Korkmaz, Relationship Between Dysfunctional Eating Attitudes and Parental Marital Status in Female Adolescents, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2019, pp. 26-32. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.20190801.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
American Psychiatric Association. (APA) (2013). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5, fifth ed. American Psychiatric Association, Washington DC.
[2]
Erskine, H. E., Whiteford, H. A., Pike, K. M. (2016). The global burden of eating disorders. Curr Opin Psychiatry, 29 (6), 346–353.
[3]
Lawler, M., Nixon, E. (2011). Body dissatisfaction among adolescent boys and girls: The effects of body mass, peer appearance culture and internalization of appearance ideals. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40, 59–71.
[4]
Wang, F., Wild, T., Kipp, W., Kuhle, S., Veugelers, P. (2009). The influence of childhood obesity on the development of self-esteem. Health Reports, 20, 21–27.
[5]
Cheung, P. C., Ip, P. L., Lam, S. T., Bibby, H. (2007). A study on body weight perception and weight control behaviours among adolescents in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Med J, 13 (1), 16.
[6]
Wertheim, E., Paxton, S., Maude, D., Szmukler, G. I., Gibbons, K., Hillier, L. (1992). Psychosocial predictors of weight loss behaviors and binge eating in adolescent girls and boys. Int J Eat Disord, 12, 151–160.
[7]
Wade, K. H., Skugarevsky, O., Kramer, M. S., Patel, P. R., Bogdanovich, N., Vilchuck, K., Sergeichick N., Richmond R., Palmer T., Smith, G. D., Gillman, M. Oken, E., Martinpective, R. M. (2014). Associations of parental smoking, alcohol use, marital status, maternal satisfaction, and parental and childhood body mass index at 6.5 years with later problematic eating attitudes. Nutrition & Diabetes, 4 (1) e100.
[8]
F. Bal, “Psikolojik açıdan normal ve otistik çocuklarda beslenme bozukluğu” in Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimlere Dair Araştırma Örnekleri, A. Acaravcı, Ed. Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık, 2018, pp. 367-369.
[9]
Martinez-Gonzalez, M. A., Gual, P., Lahortiga, F., Alonso. Y., de Irala-Estevez, J., Cervera, S. (2003). Parental factors, mass media influences, and the onset of eating disorders in a prospective population-based cohort. Pediatrics, 111 (2), 315–20.
[10]
Swanson, S. A., Crow, S. J., Le Grange, D., Swendsen, J., Merikangas, K. R. (2011). Prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in adolescents. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 68, 714–723.
[11]
Fichter, M. M., Quadflieg, N., Hedlund, S. (2006). Twelve-year course and outcome predictors of anorexia nervosa. Int J Eat Disord, 39 (2), 87–100.
[12]
Saleh, R. N., Salameh, R. A., Yhya, H. H., Sweileh, W. M. (2018). Disordered eating attitudes in female students of An-Najah National University: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Eating Disorders, 6, 16.
[13]
Xie, B., Liu, C., Chou, C. P., Xia, J., Spruijt-Metz, D., Gong, J., Li, Y., Wang, H., Johnson, C. A. (2003). Weight perception and psychological factors in Chinese adolescents. J Adolesc Health, 33, 202–210.
[14]
Balhara, Y. P. S., Mathur, S., Kataria, D. K. (2012). Body Shape and Eating Attitudes among Female Nursing Students in India. East Asian Arch Psychiatry, 22, 70-4.
[15]
Ozmen, D., Ozmen, E., Ergin, D., Cetinkaya, A. C., Sen, N., Dundar, P. E., Taskin, E. O. (2007). The association of self-esteem, depression and body satisfaction with obesity among Turkish adolescents. BMC Public Health, 16 (7), 80.
[16]
Yamamoto, C., Uemoto, M., Shinfuku, N., Maeda, K. (2007). The usefulness of body image tests in the prevention of eating disorders. Kobe J Med Sci, 53, 79-91.
[17]
Juarascio, A., S., Forman, E., M., Timko, C. A., Herbert, J. D., Butryn, M., Lowe, M. (2011). Implicit internalization of the thin ideal as a predictor of increases in weight, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating. Eat Behav, 12 (3), 207-13.
[18]
Keel, P. K., Forney, K. J. (2013). Psychosocial risk factors for eating disorders. Int J Eat Disord, 46 (5), 433-9.
[19]
Stice, E., Ng, J., Shaw, H. (2010). Risk factors and prodromal eating pathology. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 51 (4), 518-25.
[20]
Evans, E. H., Tovée, M. J, Boothroyd, L. G., Drewett, R. F. (2013). Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating attitudes in 7- to 11-year-old girls: testing a sociocultural model. Body Image, 10 (1), 8-15.
[21]
Figueiredo, R. A. O., Simola-Ström, S., Isomaa, R., Weiderpass, E. (2018). Body dissatisfaction and disordered eating symptoms in Finnish preadolescents. Eat Disord, 24, 1-18.
[22]
Hrabosky, J. I., Cash, T. F., Veale, D., Neziroglu, F., Soll, E. A., Garner, D. M, Strachan-Kinser, M., Bakke. B., Clauss, L. J., Phillips, K, A. (2009). Multidimensional body image comparisons among patients with eating disorders, body dysmorphic disorder, and clinical controls: A multisite study. Body Image, 6 (3), 155–63.
[23]
Shirasawa, T., Ochiai, H., Nanri, H., Nishimura, R., Ikeda, K., Hoshino, H., Kokaze, A. (2016). Association between distorted body image and changes in weight status among normal weight preadolescents in Japan: a population-based cohort study. Arch Public Health, 20 (74), 39.
[24]
Argyrides, M., Kkeli, N. (2015). Predictive factors of disordered eating and body image satisfaction in Cyprus. Int J Eat Disord, 48 (4), 431-5.
[25]
Alkazemi, D., Zafar, T. A., Ebrahim, M., Kubow, S. (2018). Distorted weight perception correlates with disordered eating attitudes in Kuwaiti college women. Int J Eat Disord, 51 (5), 449-458.
[26]
Nagata, J. M., Garbe. r A. K., Tabler. J. L., Murray, S. B., Bibbins-Domingo, K., (2018). Differential Risk Factors for Unhealthy Weight Control Behaviors by Sex and Weight Status Among U.S. Adolescents. J Adolesc Health, 63 (3), 335-341.
[27]
Yiu, A, Murray, S. M., Arlt, J. M., Eneva, K, T., Chen, E. Y. (2017). The importance of body image concerns in overweight and normal weight individuals with binge eating disorder. Body Image, 22, 6-12.
[28]
Stice, E., Shaw, H. E. (2002). Role of body dissatisfaction in the onset and maintenance of eating pathology: a synthesis of research findings. J Psychosom Res, 53 (5), 985-93.
[29]
Fulkerson, J. A., Strauss, J., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., Boutelle, K. (2007). Correlates of psychosocial well-being among overweight adolescents: The role of the family. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75 (1), 181-186.
[30]
Cromley, T. R., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., Boutelle, K. (2010). Parent and family associations with weight-related behaviors and cognitions among overweight adolescents. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 47 (3), 263–269.
[31]
Rodríguez Martín, A., Novalbos Ruiz, J. P., Martínez Nieto, J. M., Escobar Jiménez, L., Castro De Haro, A. L. (2004). Epidemiological study of the influence of family and socioeconomic status in disorders of eating behaviour. Eur J Clin Nutr, 58, 846–852.
[32]
Galloway, A. T., Fiorito, L., Lee, Y., Birch, L. L. (2005). Parental pressure, dietary patterns and weight status among girls who are ‘picky eaters'. J Am Diet Assoc, 105, 451–548.
[33]
Ciao, A. C., Accurso, E. C., Fitzsimmons-Craft, E. E., Lock, J., Le Grange, D. (2015). Family functioning in two treatments for adolescent anorexia nervosa. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48 (1), 81–90.
[34]
Wallis, A., Rhodes, P., Dawson, L., Miskovic-Wheatley, J., Madden, S., Touyz, S. (2017). Relational containment: exploring the effect of family-based treatment for anorexia on familial relationships. Journal of Eating Disorders, 5, 27.
[35]
Pinto, C., Ferreira, C., Mendes, A. L., Trindade, I. A. (2017). Social safeness and disordered eating: Exploring underlying mechanisms of body appreciation and inflexible eating. Eat Weight Disord, 22 (2), 303-309.
[36]
Suisman, J. L., Burt, S. A., Mc Gue, M., Iacono, W. G., Klump, K. L. (2011). Parental divorce and disordered eating: An investigation of a gene-environment interaction. Int J Eat Disord, 44 (2), 169–77.
[37]
O’Connor, S. M., Klump, K. L., VanHuysse, J. L., McGue, M., Iacono W. (2016). Does Parental Divorce Moderate the Heritability of Body Dissatisfaction? An Extension of Previous Gene-Environment Interaction Effects. The International journal of eating disorders, 49 (2), 188-192.
[38]
Wallis, A., Miskovic-Wheatley, J., Madden, S., Alford, C., Rhodes, P., Touyz, S. (2018). Does continuing family-based treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa improve outcomes in those not remitted after 20 sessions? Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry, 23 (4), 592-600.
[39]
Le Grange, D., Hughes, E. K., Court, A., Yeo, M., Crosby, R. D., Sawyer, S. M. (2016). Randomized Clinical Trial of Parent-Focused Treatment and Family-Based Treatment for Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 55 (8), 683-92.
[40]
Garner, D. M., Garfinkel, P. E. (1979). The Eating Attitudes Test: An Index Of The Symptoms Of Anorexia Nervosa. Psychological medicine, 9 (2), 273-279.
[41]
Savaşır, I., Erol, N. (1989). Eating Attitude Test: Anorexia Nervosa Symptom Index. Psikoloji Dergisi, 7, 19-25.
[42]
Henderson, M., Freeman, C. P. L. (1987). Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh. A self-rating scale for bulimia the “BITE”. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 18-24.
[43]
Kıran, S. G., Agargun, M. Y., Kara, H. (2000). “Dissociative experiences and eating attitudes in university students”. 36. National Psychiatry Congress, Antalya, Turkey.
Browse journals by subject