Volume 7, Issue 6-1, November 2018, Page: 1-5
The Three Dimensions of Social Effort: Cognitive, Emotional, and Physical
Daniel Sohn, Center of Gih Study, Jinju, South Korea
Sangho Lee, Institute of Cognition and Behavior in eSports, Busan, South Korea
Yang Lee, Center of Gih Study, Jinju, South Korea
Received: Mar. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Mar. 22, 2018;       Published: Apr. 13, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.pbs.s.2018070601.11      View  1320      Downloads  118
It could be said that there are two dimensions of effort as emotional and physical in social relations recognized by academic society. This study attempted to elaborate on a third dimension of cognitive effort in support of experimental data. The research design was to introduce episodes of effort in social relations within hypothetical family circumstances. Three types of effort as cognitive, emotional, and physical, crossed into two levels of typicality as high and low. Totaling six episodes in all, these were presented to subjects. Subjects assessed the scale to which each dimension was utilized in each episode. Regarding the outcome of this experiment, effort in social relations consisted of three dimensions as cognitive, emotional, and physical, which were extracted by Factor Analysis. Since each dimension was fit on three coordinates, the distances between all three pairs of work roles were measured.
Dimensions of Effort, Cognitive Effort, Emotional Effort, Physical Effort
To cite this article
Daniel Sohn, Sangho Lee, Yang Lee, The Three Dimensions of Social Effort: Cognitive, Emotional, and Physical, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. Special Issue: Dimensions of Human Effort. Vol. 7, No. 6-1, 2018, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.pbs.s.2018070601.11
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
J. Derrida. Of Grammatology. Baltimore, Maryland: Jones Hopkins University Press, 1967.
A. Hochschild. Emotion Work, Feeling Rules, and Social Structure. American Journal of Sociology, 85, 1979: 551-575.
C. M. Brotheridge, & A. Grandey. Emotional Labor and Burnout: Comparing Two Perspectives of People Work. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60, 2002: 17-39.
S. M. Kruml, & D. Geddes. Exploring the Dimensions of Emotional Labor: The Heart of Hochschild’s Work. Management Communication Quarterly, 14, 2000: 8-49.
U. Neisser. Cognitive Psychology. New York, NY: Meredith, 1967.
S. Lee, J. Jeong, & Y. Lee. Three Dimensions of Labor: Cognitive Labor Differentiated from Emotional and Physical Labor. Journal of Human Resource Management, 5, 2017: 57-62.
C. E. Izard, J. Kagan, & R. B. Zajonc. Introduction in Emotions, Cognition, and Behavior. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
R. V. Wagner, & I. J. Sherwood. The Study of Attitude Change. Belmont, Calif: Brooks Cole, 1969.
C. E. J. Härtel, N. M. Ashkanasy, & W. J. Zerbe. Overview: What Have We Learned? Ten Years On, in C. E. J. Härtel, N. M. Ashkanasy, & W. J. Zerbe (eds.). What Have We Learned? Ten Years On (Research on Emotion in Organizations, Volume 7), Binglely: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2011: pp. 1–12.
J. Schaubroeck, & J. R. Jones. Antecedents of Workplace Emotional Labor Dimensions and Moderators of their Effects on Physical Symptoms Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21, 2000: 163-183.
J. Cho, & Y. Lee. The Three Dimensions of Belief Differentiating Religions. Humanities and Social Sciences, 5, 2017: 79-83.
Browse journals by subject