Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Recreation Gaining Ground Among Those in Their Twenties During the COVID-19 Restrictions and Tourism Regression

The coronavirus pandemic in 2019 has brought about a number of drastic economic and social changes. Tourism has been suffering a crisis and restrictions have affected people’s everyday lives. The daily free time of the majority has increased, while the opportunities to spend it qualitatively have been reduced, causing several mental and physical issues. The central topic of this research is the progression of recreation in Hungary due to the increase of most people’s free time spent alone or with family caused by the restrictions during COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease of 2019), along with the population’s fundamental relationship with recreation, and their current tendency of delving into new recreational activities. The research consists of an online questionnaire and two interviews with recreation professionals. The results show that the exploitation of recreation and its spread during the pandemic is a more common phenomenon among the educated, while the majority of the population is less affected by the topic. New recreational habits were picked up by some, however tourism cannot seem to be replaced by other recreational activities. Promoting recreation on a larger scale among Hungarians is of increasing necessity, as many of them do not have a close relationship with it. This article is based on a university thesis, the extract of which was published in a Hungarian scientific journal.

Pandemic, Tourism Regression, Free Time, Recreation, Hobby

Gabriella Tatrai, Peter Fritz, Gyongyver Lacza. (2023). Recreation Gaining Ground Among Those in Their Twenties During the COVID-19 Restrictions and Tourism Regression. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 12(4), 62-66.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. World Travel & Tourism Council. (2021). Travel & tourism economic impact. From:
2. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal. (2021). A kereskedelmi szálláshelyeken eltöltött vendégéjszakák szállástípusonként havonta, évkezdettől kumulált [Guest nights spent in commercial accommodation per accommodation type per month, accumulated from the beginning of the year]. From:
3. Melanie Smith & Laszlo Puczko. (2014). Health, tourism and hospitality: Spas, wellness and medical travel. Second edition. Routledge, Abingdon.
4. Melanie Smith & Laszlo Puczko. (2010). Egészségturizmus: gyógyászat, wellness, holisztika [Health tourism: medicine, wellness, holism]. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
5. Chris Ryan. (1997). The tourist experience: A New Introduction. Cassell, London.
6. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal. (2021). A 15–74 éves népesség napi átlagos időráfordítása korcsoportok és nemek szerint [perc/fő] [Average daily time spent by the population aged 15–74, by age group and gender [minutes/person]]. From:
7. Erzsebet Retsagi. (2015). A rekreációelmélet alapvető elméleti kérdése: A rekreáció fogalom értelmezése [The basic theoretical question of recreation theory: Interpretation of the concept of recreation]. In: Mária Figler (ed.): A sporttáplálkozás alapjai [The basics of sports nutrition]. Pécsi Tudományegyetem Egészségtudományi Kar, Pécs.
8. World Health Organization. (1984). Health promotion: A discussion document. WHO, Copenhagen.
9. Krisztina Reichlin. (2007). Szabadidő ismeretek [Leisure knowledge]. BGF KVIFK, Budapest.
10. Timea Tibori. (2006). A szabadidő szociológiája [The sociology of leisure]. BGF KVIFK, Budapest.
11. Peter Fritz. (2011). Rekreáció mindenkinek I.: Mozgásos rekreáció [Recreation for everyone I.: Physical recreation]. Second edition. Bába Kiadó, Szeged.
12. Zsuzsanna Gosi. (2020). Rekreáció a korlátozások alatt [Recreation under restrictions]. In: Nikosz Fokasz, Zsuzsanna Kiss & Júlia Vajda. (ed.): Koronavírus idején [During the coronavirus]. Replika Alapítvány, Budapest. pp. 29-36. From:
13. Zoltan Varga. (2020). Re-kreáció a vírus idején [Re-creation during the virus]. From:
14. Peter Fritz. (2021). Interview with Dr. habil. Peter Fritz. Interviewer: Gabriella Tatrai. Budapest. October 27.
15. Gyongyver Lacza. (2021). Interview with Dr. Gyongyver Lacza. Interviewer: Gabriella Tatrai. Budapest. November 14.