Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Predicting Marital Conflicts Based on Emotional Ataxia with the Intermediary Variable of Couples' Psychological Toughness

Aim: The purpose of the present study was to predict marital conflicts based on emotional ataxia with the intermediary variable of couples' psychological toughness. Method: The method of this research is descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of the research was all the couples in Shiraz city. In this research, the sample size according to the instructions of Bentler and Bonnet (1980) is 15 people for each variable, considering that the selected samples were 331 people, of which 31 people dropped out, and finally 300 people were selected through lottery using the sample method. were randomly selected. In this research, in order to collect information, Sanai Zaker Marital Conflicts Questionnaire (2007), Toronto Emotional Dyslexia Scale (1994) and Kobasa and Madi's Stubbornness Questionnaire (1982) were used. Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Results: The results showed that there is a significant relationship between the score of marital conflict dimensions and emotional dyslexia (p=0.001); Also, there is a significant relationship between the score of dimensions of marital conflicts with the mediation of psychological toughness (p=0.001); The results of step-by-step regression analysis showed that marital conflicts can be predicted through the dimensions of emotional ataxia and the mediation of psychological toughness (p=0.001, β=0.46). Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate the importance of emotional intransigence and psychological toughness in predicting marital satisfaction, so it can be said that couples who have less psychological toughness experience higher marital conflicts.

Marital Conflicts, Emotional Dyslexia, Psychological Toughness

Ali Mohammad Rezaie, Mohammad Amin Keshavarzi. (2023). Predicting Marital Conflicts Based on Emotional Ataxia with the Intermediary Variable of Couples' Psychological Toughness. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 12(5), 67-74.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Roy, M. (1998). Beaten Women (Psychology of Violence in the Family). Translation by Mehdi Gharacheh Daghi, Scientific: Tehran.
2. Kantek, F& Gezer, N. (2009). Conflict in schools: Studen conflict management styles. Journal of Nurse Education Today. 29 (8): 100-107.
3. Hooshmandi, R., ahmadi, K., kiamanesh, A. (2019). Analysis of the causes of marital conflict in the last two decades (a systematic review). 18 (79): 819-828, (In Persian).
4. Callian, T& Siewgeok L. (2009). A study of marital conflict on measures on social supportand mental healt sunway university collage, Sunway Academic Journal; 5(23), 97-111.
5. Tolorunleke, C. A. (2014). Causes Of Marital Conflicts Amongst Couples in Nigeria: Implication for Counselling PsychologistsProcedia, Social and Behavioral Sciences, 42 (8): 21 – 26.
6. Mbwirire, J. (2017). Causes of marital conflicts in christian marriages in Domboshava area Mashonaland east province, Zimbawe, Faculty of Applied SocialScience, Zimbabwe Open University, Harare, Zimbabwe, International. Journal of Humanities, Art and Social Studies (IJHAS), 1 (2), 59-75.
7. Young, M. E., & Long, L. L. (1998). Counseling and therapy for couples. Thomson Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.
8. Fincham, F& Beach, S. (1999). Conflict in marriage: implications for working with couples. Journal of Annual Review psychology, 23 (5): 47-77.
9. Grish, J. H & Fincham, F. D. (2001). Interpersonal Conflictand Child Development. Theory, Research and Application. Cambridge University Press.
10. Lindsey, E. W., Colwell, M. G., Frabutt, G. M, MacKinnon- Lewis, C. (2006). Family conflict in divorced and nondivorced families: Potential consequences for boys’ friendship status and friendship quality. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 23 (1): 45–63.
11. Sifneos PE.(2000). Alexithymia, Clinical Issues, Politics and Cri me1. Psychotherapy and psychosomatics; 69 (3): 113–116.
12. Besharat MA. (2009). Alexithymia and interpersonal problems. studies in Education and Psycology; 1 (10): 129-5.(Persian)
13. De Rick A, Vanheule S. (2007). Alexithymia and DSM-IV personality disorder traits in alcoholic inpatients: A study of the relation between both constructs. Pers Individ Dif; 43 (1): 119–29.
14. Besharat, M. A, Masoudi M, & Gholam Ali Lavasani M. (2013). Alexithymia and psychological and physical vulnerability. Journal of Thought and Behavior, 9 (34), 56-57.(Persian)
15. Vanheule S, Desmet M, Meganck R, Bogaerts S.(2007). Alexithymia and interpersonal problems. J Clin Psychol; 63 (1): 109-17.
16. Weinryb RM, Gustavsson JP, Hellström C, Andersson E, Broberg A, Gunnar R.(1996). Interpersonal Problems and personality characteristics: Psychometric studies of the Swedish version of the IIP. Pers Individ Dif; 20 (1): 13–23.
17. Arefi M., and Mohsenzadeh F. (2011). Prediction of marital satisfaction based on sexual connection and intimacy. Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 1 (2) 53-83. (Persian).
18. Sabzalizadeh, H., Badami, R., and Nazakat Al-Hosseini, M. (2013). The relationship between family functioning and mental toughness in Paralympic athletes. Journal of Sports Psychology Studies, (9), 1-10. (In Persian).
19. Lambert, V. A. (2007). Predictors of Physical and mental health in hospital nurses within the people's Republic of China, international nursing review, 54 (1), 85-91.
20. Shiota, M. N. & Levenson, R. W. (2007). Birds of a feather don’t always fly farthest: Similarity in Big Five Personality predicts more negative marital satisfaction trajectories in long-term marriages. Psychology and Aging. 22 (4), 666-675.
21. Bahramian J., Bahramian, S. (2013). The role of psychological hardiness and forgiveness in predicting marital adjustment. The first international congress of religious culture and thought. Qom. (Persian)
22. Moein L, GHiasi P, Masmoei R. (2011). Relationship between Psychological Hardiness and Marital. Scientific-Research Quarterly of Women's Sociology. 2 (4). 189-168. (In Persian).
23. Bentler, P. M., & Bonett, D. G. (1980). Significance tests and goodness of fit in the analysis of covariance structures. Psychological bulletin, 88 (3), 588-606.
24. Sanaaie Zaker, B. (2017). Triangulation and pathological triangles in family counseling. Proceedings of the National Conference on Consulting, Tehran: Behzisti Organization, 2, 17-28. (In Persian).
25. Rasoli, A. (2017). Developing the Model of Family Functioning based on the Components of Hope, Intimacy and Marital Conflicts in Couples. IJNR. 12 (4): 1-8, (In Persian).
26. Parker, J. D. A., Taylor, G. J., & Bagby, R. M. (2003). The 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale: III Reliability and factorial validity in a community population. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 55 (2): 269-275.
27. Maddi, S. R., & Kobasa, S. C. (1991). 12. The Development of Hardiness Stress and coping: An anthology (pp. 245-257): Columbia University Press.
28. Aminpour, Hassan and Zareh, Hossein, (2013), Investigating the psychometric characteristics of the stubbornness test and examining its differences between people with university and non-university education, the first scientific research conference of educational sciences and psychology of social and cultural harms in Iran, Tehran.
29. Tolorunleke, C. A. (2014). Causes Of Marital Conflicts Amongst Couples in Nigeria: Implication for Counselling PsychologistsProcedia, Social and Behavioral Sciences, 42 (8): 21 – 26.
30. Behari S., Vastoudeh H. (2008). Family pathology. Tehran: Ariana's call.(Persian)
31. Ajam, A. A. (2014). Explain the relationship between marital conflict and attitudes toward infidelity in marriage and its role in academic achievement. First National Conference on Sustainable Development in Educational Sciences and Psychology, Social and Cultural Studies. Center for Strategies for Sustainable Development and Mehr Arvand Institute.
32. Shive, S. h & Mosavi, A. A. (2015). Predicting Attitudes Toward Infidelity Based on Sexual Performance in Married Female Students. The Second International Conference on Psychology, Educational Sciences and Lifestyle. Mashhad, Torbat Heydariyeh University, (In Persian).
33. Glasser, W. (2000). Counseling with choice theory: The new Reality Therapy; Harper Collins Publisher: New York, 1.
34. Glasser, W. (1998). Choice theory, A new psychology of personal freedom. Harper Collins Publisher: New York. 1.
35. Mattila AK, Ahola K, Honkonen T, Salminen JK, Huhtala H, Joukamaa M.(2007). Alexithymia and occupational burnout are strongly associated inworking population. J Psychosomatic Res; 62 (6): 657-65.
36. Lyvers, M., Mayer, K., Needham, K., & Thorberg, FA. (2019). Parental bonding, adult attachment, and theory of mind: A developmental model of alexithymia and alcohol-related risk. J Clin Psychol. 75 (7): 1288-1304.
37. Lankes, F., Schiekofer, S., Eichhammer, P., & Busch, V. (2020). The effect of alexithymia and depressive feelings on pain perception in somatoform pain disorder. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 133 (1): 101-110.
38. Ekawati, D., Sugiharto, D. Y. P., & Mulawarman, M. (2019). Group Counseling Stress Inoculation Training Technique To Increase Academic Distress Tolerance Through Hardiness in Students. Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling, 8 (3), 100-105.
39. Maddi. S. R. & Hess. M. (1992). Hardiness and basketball performance. International Journal of sports psychology, 23, 360-368.