Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2013

  • Psychopathological Symptoms and Predictors among Inmates

    Tarekegn Tadesse Gemeda

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2013
    Pages: 169-180
    Received: Aug. 14, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Sep. 10, 2013
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    Abstract: The study was meant to examine the prevalence of psychopathological symptoms among inmates, which in line, to suggest systems to accentuate psychosocial rehabilitation program in correction centers. The total number of participants was 420 (i.e., 384 males and 36 females). Multi-stage probability sampling (i.e., stratified, systematic and simple ra... Show More
  • “Smoking Kills” vs. “Smoking Makes Restless”: Effectiveness of Different Warning Labels on Smoking Behavior

    Sabine Glock, Simone Maria Ritter, Rutger Engels, Ap Dijksterhuis, Rick Bart van Baaren, Barbara Caterina Nadine Müller

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2013
    Pages: 181-187
    Received: Sep. 12, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Oct. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: Warning labels on cigarette packages rely on the negative health aspects of smoking. For smokers, however, smoking is related to positive as well as to negative outcomes. Positive smoking outcomes are shown to be crucial in activating smoking behaviour. Thus, this study compared current health warnings with warning labels contradicting positive out... Show More
  • Collective Unconscious Mental State and Female Feticide in India

    Harish Kumar Sharma

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2013
    Pages: 188-191
    Received: Oct. 24, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Nov. 10, 2013
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    Abstract: Normally every human behavior is linked to the individual mental state but some behaviors that involve large number of people can be explained with Collective mental State. This collective mental state is constructed on the basis of long historical experiences, so it is usually unconscious. Collective Unconscious is a concept given by Carl Jung. It... Show More
  • Use of Mobile Phone Text Message and Personality among Japanese University Students

    Xi Lu, Zi Chen, Masayo Uji, Toshiaki Nagata, Takahiko Katoh, Toshinori Kitamura

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2013
    Pages: 192-195
    Received: Aug. 31, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Nov. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: To evaluate the personality correlates of mobile phone text message use in Japanese youth, university students (N = 232) were distributed a set questionnaires containing the Temperament and Character Inventory and items enquiring their text message use. Greater text messaging was associated with high Novelty Seeking (NS). The results of this study ... Show More
  • The Shallow Processing of Logical Negation

    Guillermo Macbeth, Eugenia Razumiejczyk, Maria del Carmen Crivello, Mauro Fioramonti, Carolina I. Pereyra Girardi

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2013
    Pages: 196-201
    Received: Oct. 29, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Nov. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: The aim of this study is to introduce a novel reasoning phenomenon concerned with the shallow processing of negation in the context of sentential reasoning. By analogy to other psychological explanations that account for superficial responses with conditionals, this study proposes an account for biconditionals derived from a recent theory of negati... Show More