Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014

  • The Effect of Indoor Thermal Comfort on Visual Search Task Performances in a Personal Learning Environment

    Yoon-Ki Min, Woo-Hyun Jung, Boseong Kim

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014
    Pages: 185-191
    Received: Oct. 16, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 11, 2014
    Published: Nov. 17, 2014
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    Abstract: This study examined the effect of perceived indoor thermal comfort of a personal learning environment on students’ performances of the visual search task. To do this, 11 participants who attended a high school completed the scale of indoor thermal comfort in the simulated learning environment and they performed the visual search task which reflects... Show More
  • Acoustical Variation and Contextual Specificity of a Gorilla Vocalization: A Case Study

    Luef Eva Maria, Pika Simone

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014
    Pages: 192-196
    Received: Nov. 04, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 13, 2014
    Published: Nov. 21, 2014
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    Abstract: Western lowland gorillas frequently produce a vocalization known as the DOUBLE GRUNT. It occurs in a variety of different behavioral contexts but so far no acoustical differences have been described that would distinguish DOUBLE GRUNT morphology in the particular contexts. The present study tests the hypothesis if different acoustical features char... Show More
  • Assessment of the Prevalence of Dental Anxiety among Palestinian Clients Attending Dental Clinics in Bethlehem City: Cross Sectional Study

    Muna Ahmead, Ahmad Rahhal

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014
    Pages: 197-202
    Received: Nov. 07, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 24, 2014
    Published: Nov. 27, 2014
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    Abstract: Objective: To investigate the prevalence of dental anxiety as well as the relationships between socio-demographic data and perceived dental anxiety among Palestinian clients who attend dental clinics in Palestine. Materials and methods: Participants were recruited into the study from July to August, 2013 from several dental clinics. The modified Co... Show More
  • A Survey of the Use of Echolocation Cues for Wayfinding in Campus Environments by a Student with Visual Impairment

    Shu-Chuan Yu

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014
    Pages: 203-206
    Received: Nov. 09, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 21, 2014
    Published: Nov. 29, 2014
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    Abstract: Andy is a 20years old college student who was born blind without visual memory and light sensitization. He lives in the school dormitory from Mondays through Fridays and spends most of his time on campus. Andy tells us that he has had experience since childhood in using echoes to search for objects and spatial scales in the environment (e.g. buildi... Show More
  • A Review on ‘Capital in the 21th Century’

    Bodo Herzog

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014
    Pages: 207-211
    Received: Nov. 16, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 04, 2014
    Published: Dec. 16, 2014
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    Abstract: This paper is a brief review on the book ‘Capital in the Twenty-First Century’ by the French scholar Thomas Piketty. The book has started a new debate about inequality and capital taxation in Europe. It provides interesting empirical facts and develops a theory of the functioning of capitalist economies. However, I personally think the book is less... Show More
  • Haptic Perception of Parallelity

    Hanneke Ida van Mier

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014
    Pages: 212-221
    Received: Nov. 17, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 27, 2014
    Published: Dec. 16, 2014
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    Abstract: Research has shown that the haptic perception of orientation is susceptible to systematic spatial bias. Large and systematic deviations have been found in haptic parallelity matching tasks supporting a reference frame based model. It has been suggested that the observed deviations result from the use of a frame of reference that is intermediate to ... Show More
  • Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID): How Satisfied are Successful Wannabes

    Sarah Noll, Erich Kasten

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014
    Pages: 222-232
    Received: Nov. 22, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 05, 2014
    Published: Dec. 16, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: People suffering from Body Integrity Identity Disorder feel the intensive wish for an amputation of one limb or another kind of handicap. Due to ethic and juristic reasons, the desired surgery is difficult to realize. In spite of these problems several patients were able to achieve the wished amputation, in most cases with a cash-paid s... Show More
  • Predictors of Violent Behaviours in Young Adults Dating Relationships

    Sesar Kristina, Dodaj Arta, Simic Nataša, Barisic Marijana

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014
    Pages: 233-242
    Received: Nov. 29, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 17, 2014
    Published: Dec. 27, 2014
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    Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of dating violence and jealousy among university students. The role of situational and background factors of risk in explaining violent behaviour was examined. The study included 33 men and 89 women participants, from 20 to 24 years of age, from the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Mosta... Show More