Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015

  • Body Integrity Identity Disorder – a Systematic Record of the Strategies to Reduce the Strain

    Jelena Helmer, Erich Kasten

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 139-146
    Received: 12 May 2015
    Accepted: 26 May 2015
    Published: 13 June 2015
    Abstract: People with Body Integrity Identity Disorder feel a discrepancy between their outward appearance and their sensed inner body image. To help these persons it is of major importance to find out how they deal with their disease in every day’s life. What leads to a reduction of the wish for an amputation, paralysis or any other kind of disability? What... Show More
  • The Effect of Alcohol Consumption on the Academic Performance of Undergraduate Students

    Idoko Joseph Onyebuchukwu, Muyiwa Adeniyi Sholarin, Agoha Benedict Chico Emerenwa

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 147-153
    Received: 4 March 2015
    Accepted: 19 March 2015
    Published: 23 June 2015
    Abstract: Most people know that academic performance generally refers to how well a student is accomplishing his or her tasks and studies, but there are numbers of factors that determine the level and quality of students’ academic performance. This study investigated the effect of alcohol consumption on the academic performance of undergraduate students. A s... Show More
  • On Arabic Abstract and Concrete Words Recall Using Free Recall Paradigms: Is It Abstractness, Concreteness, or Zero Effect

    Nasser Saleh Al-Mansour, Yasir Saad Almukhaizeem, Ahmed Mohammed Alduais

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 154-164
    Received: 19 May 2015
    Accepted: 3 June 2015
    Published: 25 June 2015
    Abstract: Purpose: To see whether abstract or concrete words are better recalled in free recall type and to measure primacy and recency displayed effects in free recall paradigms. Method: 9 undergraduates in King Saud University, Saudi Arabia, participated in this study where they were trained to differentiate between abstract and concrete words. Then, a lis... Show More
  • Differences in Intelligence and Creativity between Tattooed and Non-Tattooed Students

    Anette Sandra Cebula, Erich Kasten

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 165-169
    Received: 31 May 2015
    Accepted: 10 June 2015
    Published: 30 June 2015
    Abstract: Background: In everyday life stereotypes, i.e. simplified imaginations about others are often built. One of innumerable stereotypes is that tattooed people drink too much alcohol, take always drugs, don’t avoid risks and, maybe, they are even more stupid than the rest of humanity. On the other hand tattoos can be very artful. Therefore it is concei... Show More
  • Self Efficacy and Work Performance: A Theoretical Framework of Albert Bandura's Model, Review of Findings, Implications and Directions for Future Research

    Manasseh N. Iroegbu

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015
    Pages: 170-173
    Received: 4 June 2015
    Accepted: 12 June 2015
    Published: 14 July 2015
    Abstract: The article examined the relationship between Self Efficacy and Work Performance using Albert Bandura's Social Cognition Theory as a theoretical framework. Bandura's main proposition was that individuals with high self efficacy believe in themselves and go on to exhibit high performance while individuals with low self efficacy do not have confidenc... Show More