Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014

  • “Jack of all Trades and Master of None,” is this a True Reflection of Today’s British Police

    Kwan Choi, Ju-Lak Lee, Hyungoo Shin

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014
    Pages: 41-45
    Received: Jan. 29, 2014
    Accepted:
    Published: Mar. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: The purpose of present study is to explore the British policing methods and their effectiveness. Generally, four key goals of their policing include preventing crime and disorder, pursuing and bringing to justice those who break the law, keeping the peace, and helping the public. When considering these aims carefully, it leads to a subsequent quest... Show More
  • Childbirth as a Trauma: Psychometric Properties of the Impact Event Scale in Japanese Mothers of Neonates

    Mizuki Takegata, Toshinori Kitamura, Megumi Haruna, Kyoko Sakanashi, Tomoko Tanaka

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014
    Pages: 46-50
    Received: Jan. 31, 2014
    Accepted:
    Published: Mar. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Introduction:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Impact of Event Scale (IES) among Japanese women after childbirth. Methods: Self-reported questionnaires were distributed to pregnant women in Kumamoto prefectureconsecutivelyon three occasions: late pregnancy (N = 642)andfive days (N = 416) and one month (N =... Show More
  • Relationship between Self-Determination and Academic Identity in the Elementary Students

    Manijeh Shehni Yailagh, Mohammad Abbasi, Nasser Behrozi, Sirus Alipour, Alireza Haji Yakhchali

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014
    Pages: 51-54
    Received: Feb. 08, 2014
    Accepted:
    Published: Mar. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: Self-determination and academic identity have been suggested as being associated with positive learning outcomes. The relationship between self-determination and academic identity as associated with academic achievement among elementary school children (sixth and fifth grade) was examined in this study. Statistical population comprised of all stude... Show More
  • Parenting Styles and Peer-Pressure as Predictors of Substance Abuse among University Students

    Gboyega E. Abikoye, Adeniyi M. Sholarin, James A. Adekoya

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014
    Pages: 55-59
    Received: Mar. 26, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 09, 2014
    Published: Apr. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: The study investigated the prevalence of substance abuse and its prediction by parenting styles and peer pressure among university students. Participants in this cross-sectional survey consisted of four hundred and fifty two randomly selected undergraduates of Olabisi Onabanjo University (OOU), Ago-Iwoye. The sample consisted of 221 (48.9%) males a... Show More
  • Quantification of Happy Emotion: Proportionality Relationship to Gain/Loss

    Nicoladie D. Tam

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014
    Pages: 60-67
    Received: Mar. 24, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 10, 2014
    Published: Apr. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Toward understanding the role of emotion played in cognitive processing, an emotional model has been proposed to quantify the computation involved in assessing the disparity between the expected and the actual outcomes. This study provides the experimental evidence to validate the above emotional model. In this model, emotion serves as an internal ... Show More
  • Quantification of Happy Emotion: Dependence on Decisions

    Nicoladie D. Tam

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014
    Pages: 68-74
    Received: Mar. 31, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 20, 2014
    Published: Apr. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: In the previously proposed theoretical model of emotion, emotion serves as an internal feedback to assess the disparity between the internal prediction and the actual outcomes in the external world, so that congruency between the desirable wants and needs can be met by resolving the emotions. The Emotional-Gain Model predicts that the happy emotion... Show More
  • Interactive Behaviors and Attachment Patterns in the Strange Situation Procedure: A Validation of the Ainsworth Model

    Alessandra Simonelli, Francesca De Palo, Micol Parolin, Marilena Moretti

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014
    Pages: 75-84
    Received: Mar. 05, 2014
    Accepted: Apr. 08, 2014
    Published: May 10, 2014
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    Abstract: The Strange Situation Procedure (SSP; Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, Wall, 1978) is the most widely used procedure to assess attachment in early childhood (Bowlby, 1969). In the original text by Ainsworth et al. (1978), the video coding is carried out by means of a two-step procedure: in the first part, coders apply a series of observational scales wit... Show More